|James at 17yo|
|Battle of the Wilderness|
About The Battle of The wilderness:
The Battle of the Wilderness, fought May 5–7, 1864, was the first battle of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Virginia Overland Campaign against Gen.Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Both armies suffered heavy casualties, a harbinger of a bloody war of attrition by Grant against Richmond, Virginia. The battle was tactically inconclusive, as Grant disengaged and continued his offensive.Grant attempted to move quickly through the dense underbrush of the Wilderness of Spotsylvania, but Lee launched two of his corps on parallel roads to intercept him. On the morning of May 5, the Union V Corps under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren attacked the Confederate Second Corps, commanded by Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, on the Orange Turnpike. That afternoon the Third Corps, commanded by Lt. Gen. A.P. Hill, encountered Brig. Gen. George W. Getty's division (VI Corps) and Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's II Corps on the Orange Plank Road. Fighting until dark was fierce but inconclusive as both sides attempted to maneuver in the dense woods.
At dawn on May 6, Hancock attacked along the Plank Road, driving Hill's Corps back in confusion, but the First Corps of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet arrived in time to prevent the collapse of the Confederate right flank. Longstreet followed up with a surprise flanking attack from an unfinished railroad bed that drove Hancock's men back to the Brock Road, but the momentum was lost when Longstreet was wounded by his own men. An evening attack by Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon against the Union right flank caused consternation at Union headquarters, but the lines stabilized and fighting ceased. On May 7, Grant disengaged and moved to the southeast, intending to leave the Wilderness to interpose his army between Lee and Richmond, leading to the bloody Battle of Spotsylvania Court .(Wikipedia available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License;)
James later graduated from Jefferson Medical College in 1893 at the age of 49 as a Osteopathic Physician. He is listed in the Directory of Deceased American Physicians.
About Osteopathy medicine:
|James M McGee|
Osteopathy is a philosophy and form of alternative healthcare that emphasizes the interrelationship between structure and function of the body, as well as the body's ability to heal itself. Osteopaths claim to facilitate the healing process, principally by the practice of manual and manipulative therapy. Osteopathic medical students take the Osteopathic Oath, a revised version of the Hippocratic oath, to maintain and uphold the "core principles" of osteopathic medical philosophy. Revised in 1953, and again in 2002, the core principles are:
- The person is a unit, and the person represents a combination of body, mind and spirit.
- The body is capable of self-regulation, self-healing, and health maintenance.
- Structure and function are reciprocally interrelated.
- Rational treatment is based on an understanding of these principles: body unity, self-regulation, and the interrelationship of structure and function.
More from the files of Denise Phillips:
"In Kansas City, Mo., he was injured in a street accident. He also spent much time in Washington, DC dealing with pension cases and pushing bills for soldiers in Congress. He was there in Dec. 1923, when he took ill. He came home on the train, but stopped in Chester. When he got to his office at 101 Carson St., he died. The police called the family. [JEJ Chronology] He was a member of the GAR, Post 2, organized the US Maimed Soldier's League, graduated from Jefferson Medical College & Phila. College of Osteopathy. [Obituary from unknown newspaper] The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was an organization founded by veterans of the Union forces during the Civil War, having political as well as social importance. The objects of it's members were to strengthen the bonds of comradeship, to give aid to soldiers' widows and orphans and to handicapped veterans, and to preserve the memory of their fallen comrades for which purpose they secured the general adoption of Memorial Day. The GAR reached a peak membership of over 400,000 in 1890. Though the organization was non-political according to it's by-laws, most of the members were strongly Republican. Pension legislation was usually enacted with their support in mind. They were also responsible for the establishment of Old Soldiers' Homes. A GAR monument exists at the intersection of 7th St., Market Pl., Indiana Ave., C St., and Pennsylvania Ave in Washington DC, near the National Archives building. 'The Evening Bulletin', Philadelphia, PA, Friday January 4, 1924 - 'James M. McGee, M.D., husband of Sarah B. (nee Koch) aged 79 years. Members and friends of Post 2, G.A.R. and survivors of Co. E., 119th Penna. Vols. are invited to funeral services on Saturday, Jan. 5, 1924, 2:30PM, at the residence of his son, 437 Paoli Ave. Interment to St. Timothy's Churchyard.' Dr. McGee had an Allopathic practice with a specialty in general surgery. He had a Journal of American Medical Assoc. citation in Vol. 82, p. 408. [Dir. of Am. Physicians] According to the 1870 census, James had real estate valued at $200 and personal property at $300."